Study Finds Popular Cholesterol Drugs Vytorin, Zetia Not Effective

A recent study appearing in the New England Journal of Medicine has questioned the effectiveness of the popular cholesterol medication, Vytorin and its sister drug Zetia. Vytorin, a combination of Zetia and the generic drug Zocor, is the second most profitable pharmaceutical manufactured by Merck & Co. The Securities and Exchange Commission reports that sales of Vytorin and Zetia have raked in an astonishing $21 billion worldwide since 2003.

Although ezetimibe, the active ingredient in Vytorin and Zetia, has been shown to reduce cholesterol slightly, its ability to unclog coronary arteries is less than that of niacin, a cheap B vitamin, often available over the counter, according to the article. Additionally, Vytorin and Zetia competitors have been shown to prevent heart attacks, strokes and other cardiovascular diseases at a less expensive price tag, whereas Zetia and Vytorin have not been proven to do either, according to the study. In contrast to Lipitor, Zocor and other statin-type drugs which block cholesterol production in the Liver, Zetia prevents cholesterol absorption in the intestines. The difference between how the drugs reduce cholesterol has helped Zetia’s popularity, despite the fact its effectiveness has been questioned. Many patients have been prescribed Vytorin as an alternative to the unconfortable side effects of Niacin and other statins’ including liver problems.

This is the third study in the last two years that has cast doubt on the effectiveness of the pharmaceutical giant. Additionally, in August 2009, Merck and Schering-Plough agreed to pay $41.5 million to settle class-action lawsuits accusing the companies of withholding unfavorable information about the drugs. Due to their recent merge in Nov. 2009, both companies are responsible for the lawsuit. Vytorin has been linked to potentially harmful side effects, including a high rate of cancer deaths, according to a controversial study released in 2008.

These studies also question whether the Food and Drug Administration prematurely approved the drugs without requiring additional studies that illustrate the drugs’ effectiveness or ability to prevent heart attacks. Merck waited three years before starting a research study to examine the effect on heart attack rates among Zetia and Vytorin patients.

Additional studies will be conducted to further examine the effectiveness of the drugs, including heart attack prevention; however results are not expected to be available until at least 2012. Leading cardiologists have advised patients to use cholesterol drugs like Zetia and Vytorin only if his or her cholesterol levels have not improved with the use of other medications and life-style changes. Oftentimes, patients pursue a Vytorin lawsuit to seek monetary compensation to cover medical treatments due to cardiovascular complications.

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Study Room Furniture

Learning and studying is an important part of ones life to develop necessary skills. These skills are the base for future life where the person has to face many professional challenges. To make the study and learning time enjoyable and comfortable, study room plays the great role. Study room should be designed in such a manner that it encourages the person to spend more time studying and learning there without any distraction. To achieve this goal, study room should have proper furniture and equipment.

Study room furniture should be such that it suffices the present and future requirements of placing of equipment like computer and laptop, storage of books and other study material. The personal use furniture like table or desk and chair should be comfortable enough that even after sitting long hours study, you do not feel any stress or fatigue. The furniture in study room should be strong and durable as you are going to use it year after year.

When you go on looking study room furniture, you will find there is great variety of things available. There is wide range of style, design, sizes and prices. Just because you only have to study there, furniture in that room need not be dull and boring. Whatever be the style or design or color of the furniture, choose according to your taste, style and for practical purposes. It should be such which is designed according to your needs and comfort level. It should reflect the significance and importance of that particular place. Another important factor you should consider while selecting the furniture for your study room is the budget. You can furniture which suits all the budget ranges.

Design of study room furniture can be traditional as well as contemporary. Also it is available in different materials like wood, steel, wrought iron, cane, upholstered variety. Study room furniture includes things such as table, chair, cupboards, shelves, racks and others.

Height of Study Room Furniture is also relevant. It should be enough to allow the proper expansion and contraction of the limbs. Normally, the height of writing table should be between 75 to 80 cm and the height of chair should be between 38 and 45 cm. Adjustable chair is more popular in study room. Book shelf is the focus of study room. It gives a character to the room. Design of the shelves should be according to your interest, liking and usage.

Buying tasteful and sound furniture for study not only adds to appeal of the house but is a long term investment. Better you study, more you achieve your professional goals.

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Study Abroad Education Programs

Study abroad programs become the first choice when it comes to pursuing higher education. The advancement of technology and increasing liberalization have also elevated education abroad as a viable option for many. However, what has made these programs popular among the students of developing countries and other hitherto marginalized sections of the population is the availability of numerous study abroad scholarships and International fellowships.

Over the years, USA seems to have captured the imagination of the youth who wish to pursue higher education abroad. Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, New Zealand and Singapore are some other places that have witnessed tremendous flow of International students. India and China are two other countries that are attracting a growing number of foreign students at present.

However, taking the decision to go abroad for studies is not an easy one as it involves considerable expenses. But with numerous education loans and scholarships around, it has become much easier today. Most of the countries that seek to attract students from other countries offer scholarships on a wide variety of study abroad programs that may include courses in medicine, engineering, arts and humanities, science, management, law, fashion design & technologies, and various other courses. For example, if you are willing to study in USA, you can think of applying for Fulbright Scholarships, Marshall Scholarships, AFLSE Scholarships, Miss America Scholarships and so on. In order to qualify for certain scholarships you may have to fulfill certain criteria like merit, need, ethnicity etc.

For specific information on a country’s study abroad programs, it is always helpful to visit the local office of the country’s embassy or the office of the High Commission. Moreover, certain countries has also opened office specifically to cater to the needs of the International students. Certain good educational websites also provide information about the study abroad programs that are available in a country and other related information. Another option to take the right decision is to go for professional help and visit an experienced education consultant.

Free Study Abroad In Europe – Attend A Top School Free!

Many tuition free universities are found abroad which allow students to opportunity to enjoy free study in Europe. If you apply directly to these schools, even being an international student and a non-European student, you do not have to pay tuition. . One example of a tuition free college is the Jonkoping International Business School. Based in Northern Scandinavia, the Jonkoping International Business School is an urban university that offers degrees in informatics, finance, business administration, commercial law, and political science studies. Bachelors, masters, and doctoral degrees are offered, and most of the classes are in English. The school is relatively small, with a total enrollment of about 2000 students, of which 25% are international students.
Just like the Jonkoping International Business School, many other tuition free colleges have strong English support due to the . Not all of these institutions focus on business though. There is a wide range of degrees and programs provided around the world, including computer science, IT, and engineering degrees. Another great school is the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden or the University of Stockholm. These world-class institutions have international programs where the language of instruction is in English. Finland, Norway and even certain schools in Scotland also have a tuition free scheme that benefits those looking to study abroad for free or virtually free (meaning the cost of tuition is either waived or negligible).
There are high quality programs even medical school where one can take advantage of free study in europe. In order to participate in a free study abroad program, be aware that a list of prerequisites awaits you. First things being first, any prospective student needs to contact the embassy of his or her host country to acquire a student visa. Secondly, make sure to check with the university regarding any entry exams or grade requirements. All in all, the dream of attending college shouldn’t be hindered with tuition, and in the case of the many tuition free universities around the world, it doesn’t have to be. Learning more about these colleges offers you amazing opportunities few know about.

Why Digitalized Education Is Important

Man is the most powerful animal on this earth today he is so powerful that he can destroy this planet 10 times over. And he is the weakest being in the natures creation as well in terms of survival. Yet he dominates this planet with one tool intelligence.

This tool has been carried from individual to individual from generation to generation in the form of education. The meaning of this word has gone through and is going through numerous mutations according to the need of mankind.

Right from the Stone Age when learning to find better food, make better tools and kill better was education through the Industrialization Era when learning to make new machines, device new inventions and finding new and profitable markets to this Neo Liberalism Era when learning to communicate better and lead better, the one goal of education has been to move towards better comfort zones of living.

This digital era has opened up a whole new dimension of possibilities with no bounds to our learning ability. Till the 19th century the memory or the ability to gain access to information determined the intelligence. Now we have access to information as never before and memory has taken a back bench position to creativity. In implication if you have the right creativity then your achievements can become infinite. This has been made possible through computers, the pinnacle of technology.

With the vast storage and momentary retrieval abilities, computers have flattened the platform of access to information, removing the differences in the memory capacity of individuals. The invention of digital computing and recording tools had raised the human intelligence to the next level. With the assistance of artificial intelligence the views on education changed drastically.

Right from the question whether students can use digital calculators in exams to the reliability of online tests, there is only one real concern in the background Is the artificial intelligence dominating the human creativity? The classical education focused more on memory than creativity while as mentioned earlier the digitized education is focused on creativity, so technically this renders the above concern meaningless. The reforms in digital education have a single aim of enhancing human ability immaterial of personal shortcomings.

The success of a teacher in assisting a student rests in kindling his or her learning interest thereby increasing their knowledge. Digitized education tools are visual based so this increases the knowledge curiosity and widens the scope of knowledge. Our futuristic views on education are well defined.

The need to enhance our lives and increase our well being is now totally dependent on the education methods that we use. The world is being digitized in all fonts. This implies that education will be digitized as well. This new wave of change will take us one step ahead.

Disadvantages Of Examination-oriented Education System

Although kids may appear to be jumping and laughing all day, they also face the threat of stress. This can come from many sources be it family issues, bullying issues or even education system. An examination-oriented education system can bring unneeded stress with improper implementation.

Grades are all that matters in an examination-oriented education system. Get a high grade and you get the affection from the teachers while other students gawk at you in awe. Low grades invite low-self esteem and isolation. This is because the students are bound to be highly competitive and subconsciously, they create caste among their friends. Those who have low grades are seen as unworthy to fit into their circle of friends.

Students are forced to know and learn everything their study by heart in order to get good grades during examination. This can be easy for some while it can be very difficult for others, especially those who are hands-on type of people. Inability to perform may only result in embarrassment although being shunned by other friends will bring harsher impact to the students’ lives.

A student will have to invest a lot of his or her time if a student wants to excel in studies. They will lose their childhood in the process, missing the chance to mix around with their peers. This can hamper their social skills learning skill, a skill that is bound to be important throughout their lives.

Once the aim is set to get higher grades in tests, other activities will have to be sacrificed. Teachers are bound to cut extra-curricular activities such as sports and also discourage creative activities so that students can study longer. This should not happen because the students have worked hard in the class and studying so they should be allowed to take part in such activities as an outlet to release stress. How can they reduce stress if they have to pore over a book day and night?

Examination-oriented education system may have a noble aim. However, the implementation should be done carefully so it will not affect the students. Everyone should understand that every individual is unique; some may excel academically while others can rely on hands-on expertise.

Scientific Research Into The Benefits Of Montessori Education

The University of Virginia conducted a variety of studies on academic performance, social skills, behavioral tendencies and psychological norms of Montessori students who were five and twelve years of age. They then did comparable research on non-Montessori school children of the same ages. The study was recently published in the academic journal Science by Dr Angeline Lillard, one of the universitys professors of psychology at their Charlottesville campus. The results of the study lead to surprising headlines on mainstream media sources such as the Guardian in the United Kingdom and CBS in the United States.

In brief, the Montessori Method was developed over nearly four decades by the education and psychology specialist Maria Montessori. Her research and implementation of what is now the Montessori Method started at the beginning of the 20th century and has continued to be implemented in its purist forms and in other cases contextually adapted to meet social and cultural norms. The core principles stay the same regardless of contextualization though. First and foremost, the student is provided a safe and stimulating environment where they are granted the authority to follow their natural instinct to gravitate towards wanting to learn. Teachers guide students through the self-directed learning process and play the role as the facilitator and observer more so than the traditional teacher model. Sharing, fairness and inter-age socialization are encouraged while the system downplays the need for competition and stress in the classroom. Testing and grading is not a standard within the original methodology, but in countries such as the United States, children do complete the national standard exams. The culture of a Montessori school is sharply different than non-Montessori schools but the goal of educating the students is the same. But which is more effective?

Researchers from The University of Virginia found that the five year olds at Montessori schools had better math and reading skills and tested better than those pupils at public and non-Montessori private schools. Even without regular testing (as in public schools), the Montessori students were able to spell, utilize grammar and execute punctuation better. Their socialization and problem solving skills were vastly more developed over their counterparts as well.

Although Montessori twelve year olds scored similarly in math and reading skills on examinations, those who were observed and tested were significantly more creative and sophisticated with their writing skills. But due to the inter-age interaction and methodology of the Montessori school system, children demonstrated a more secure sense of self, and scored much higher on social and behavioral tests.

The research suggests that the Montessori Method is in fact the better education system, but Dr. Lillards main conclusion is that she is looking forward to further researching the topic nationally and potentially internationally to come up with more conclusive evidence.

Higher Education A Womans World

At first glance, higher education today might seem like a woman’s world.

Government officials have warned that men will face a struggle for good jobs in future as teenage boys shun university.

In 2006, 22,500 more young women than men went on to higher education. Ministers are increasingly concerned at the widening gender gap in higher education. Employers increasingly look to hire staff with degrees.

Consequently, men might find themselves marginalised in the jobs market.

Girls have been outperforming boys at GCSE, A-level and in university for years. But now girls are doing better at work too, earning more than boys in the first eight years of their careers.

In 2005, 80% of girls passed national curriculum tests in English, compared with 67% of boys.

At A level, girls passed 23.9% of exams at grade A, compared with 21.5% of boys. According to Higher Education Funding Council for England Figures last year showed 47% of 17-30 year-old women had gone into higher education in 2004, compared to 37% of young men.

Hefce chief executive Professor David Eastwood said: We need to understand better why this is happening and start taking some action sooner rather than later.

Higher Education Minister Bill Rammell said The government has introduced a number of strategies to address the gap in gender achievement and to raise the performance of all pupil.

The Raising Boys’ Achievement Project which looked at exciting and innovative ways of raising achievement across a range of primary, secondary, and special schools to identify and evaluate strategies which are particularly helping motivating boys.

Schools will be better able to address underachievement in the performance of boys and girls if they know when and where they emerge. A careful analysis of data, mapping the development of male and female pupils, particularly the value-added data, including a breakdown of data by key pupil sub-groups, will enable schools to plan when and how to intervene. Schools should monitor pupils progress regularly by gender.